Untreated larvae of both field and laboratory strains showed no mortality during 48 hours of feeding. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Plant Cell Rep 22(4):286–293, CAS  The present study was therefore Google Scholar, Green TR, Ryan CA (1972) Wound-induced proteinase inhibitor in plant leaves: a possible defense mechanism against insects. Sci. Google Scholar, Fand BB, Sul NT, Bal SK, Minhas PS (2015) Temperature impacts the development and survival of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura): simulation and visualization of potential population growth in India under warmer temperatures through life cycle modelling and spatial mapping. Results showed that rynaxypyr 18.5% SC @ 40 g a.i. It is the caterpillar (or larva) that does the damage. Plant Cell Environ 36(3):621–639, Mithöfer A, Boland W (2008) Recognition of herbivory-associated molecular patterns. It is considered as one PubMed Central  Declining trend in pest population was noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014. AA pretreatment significantly increased tomato resistance against S. litura larvae. Field experiments were conducted to observe, the efficacy of some insecticides (spinosad, rynaxypyr, indoxacarb, flubendiamide) for the management of Spodoptera litura on tomato during the rabi season of 2010 and 2011 at Horticultural Research Station, Mondouri B.C.K.V, W.B. - 138.128.160.90. 14 (4), 118-123, April 2019. PubMed  This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. The tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Annu Rev Plant Biol 54:519–546, Bosch M, Berger S, Schaller A, Stintzi A (2014) Jasmonate-dependent induction of polyphenol oxidase activity in tomato foliage is important for defense against Spodoptera exigua but not against Manduca sexta. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Env. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92(2):407–411, Eckardt NA (2010) Myo-inositol biosynthesis genes in Arabidopsis: differential patterns of gene expression and role in cell death. Cluster analysis of 55 metabolites identified by GC–MS showed correlation between local and younger systemic leaves. The damage is done by larval stage and is often serious. The increasing infestation of J Ecol 99(3):818–827, Schauer N, Zamir D, Fernie AR (2005) Metabolic profiling of leaves and fruit of wild species tomato: a survey of the Solanum lycopersicum complex. Google Scholar, Alamgir KM, Hojo Y, Christeller JT, Fukumoto K, Isshiki R, Shinya T, Baldwin IT, Galis I (2016) Systematic analysis of rice (Oryza sativa) metabolic responses to herbivory. BMC Plant Biol 14:257, Article  However, there are no reports on field effect of spinetoram 12 SC against the S. litura on pigeonpea. PLoS One 8(10):e77199, CAS  Jyothilakshmi Vadassery. J Chem Ecol 23(1):97–117, Bleeker PM, Diergaarde PJ, Ament K, Guerra J, Weidner M, Schütz S, de Both MT, Haring MA, Schuurink RC (2009) The role of specific tomato volatiles in tomato–whitefly interaction. "PGPR Modulation of Secondary Metabolites in Tomato Infested with Spodoptera litura." Plant J 79(4):679–692, Gómez S, Ferrieri RA, Schueller M, Orians CM (2010) Methyl jasmonate elicits rapid changes in carbon and nitrogen dynamics in tomato. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Introduction and Distribution: Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. Q Rev Biol 67(3):283–335, Howe GA, Jander G (2008) Plant immunity to insect herbivores. Keywords: Spodoptera litura, tomato, life table, temperature INTRODUCTION L., The tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura Fab. The infestation of Spodoptera litura on tomato started from 15thJanuary, 2014 with the peak infestation of 0.9 insects per plant noticed on 26th February, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3. BMC Plant Biol 14:140, Zhang L, Cohn NS, Mitchell JP (1996) Induction of a pea cell-wall invertase gene by wounding and its localized expression in phloem. Irrrespective of the concentrations, a significant reduction in the population of S. litura in all the treatment groups was evident. Membrane depolarization and involvement of hydrogen peroxide. 2012; Che et al. 2020. HNPV 250 LE/ha (10 days interval) Tomato fruit borer SNPV 250 LE/ha (10 days interval) Spodoptera litura Bacillus thuringiensis 500 g ai/ha (10 days interval) Diamondback moth Shoot and fruit borer of brinjal and okra, Tomato fruit borer Satpathy et al., 2006 Kairomones Effect Natural enemies Tricosane Preconditionong and reinforcing agent PubMed Central  AA pretreatment significantly increased tomato resistance against S. litura larvae. Plant Biotechnol 16(2):147–151, Olthof MR, Hollman PC, Katan MB (2001) Chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid are absorbed in humans. Spodoptera litura is also known as the cotton leaf worm, tobacco cutworm, and tropical armyworm (Li et al. The increasing infestation of S. litura is a serious polyphagous pest in Asia, Oceania, and the Indian subcontinent that was first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775. For Spodoptera litura: Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha; Provide poison bait with carbaryl 50 WP 1.25 kg, rice bran 12.5 kg, jaggery 1.25 kg and water 7.5 lit/ha; Spray Bacillus thuringiensis 2g/lit or any one of the following insecticide Trends Plant Sci 21(9):781–791, Tytgat TO, Verhoeven KJ, Jansen JJ, Raaijmakers CE, Bakx-Schotman T, McIntyre LM, van der Putten WH, Biere A, van Dam NM (2013) Plants know where it hurts: root and shoot jasmonic acid induction elicit differential responses in Brassica oleracea. In this study, we assessed the effects of MeJA and host plant species on plant-induction responses and performance of the subsequent insect herbivore Spodoptera litura. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous devastating pest of numerous wild and cultivated plants throughout the world. Thereafter, a sharp decline was noticed and population ceased completely from 49th standard week onwards up to 5th standard week. Annu Rev Phytopathol 52:69–91, Zhou S, Lou YR, Tzin V, Jander G (2015) Alteration of plant primary metabolism in response to insect herbivory. Planta Academic Press, New York, pp 4–53, Roth R, Boudet AM, Pont Lezica R (1997) Lignification and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase activity in developing stems of tomato and poplar: a spatial and kinetic study through tissue printing. 3. Plant Cell 8(9):1477–1490, Article  The rearing cups were stored in a growth chamber (25 °C, 16:8 h light/dark photoperiod; S.I.C. 2015). Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Abstract In a field study in 1995-97 in Orissa with tomatoes, adult Spodoptera litura males were monitored using sex pheromone traps and the extent of fruit damage was assessed. CAS  Spodoptera litura, otherwise known as the tobacco cutworm or cotton leafworm, is a nocturnal moth in the family Noctuidae. Plant Biol (Stuttg). J Exp Bot 48(2):247–254, Sampedro L, Moreira X, Zas R (2011) Costs of constitutive and herbivore-induced chemical defences in pine trees emerge only under low nutrient availability. J Exp Bot 65(7):1713–1735, Broadway RM, Duffey SS, Pearce G, Ryan CA (1986) Plant proteinase-inhibitors—a defense against herbivorous insects. Article  Article  Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. By: Akhmad Rizali Key Words: Bacillus thuringiensis, Armyworm, Tomato. Damage: On most crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the plants. is: NBAII-MP-NOC-02), Pradeep Kumar Maurya (NIPGR) for rearing Spodoptera, NIPGR central instrumentation and phytotron facility, JNU advanced instrumentation facility for mass spectrometry, and DBT-eLibrary Consortium (DeLCON) for providing access to e-resources. It is a serious pest of various economically important crops such as cotton, tomato, groundnut, chilli, tobacco, caster, okra and pulses etc. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Effects of plant-growth-promoting microorganisms and fertilizers on growth of cabbage and tomato and Spodoptera litura performance Yuwatida Sripontana, Ching-Wen Tana, Mei-Hua Hungb, Chiu-Chung Youngb,Shaw-YhiHwanga,⁎ a Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan Damage caused by S. litura could reduce the yield and make heavy loss in many crop plants (Dhir et al., 1992, Patnaik, 1998, Lau et al., 2012). Google Scholar, Xu L, Zhu L, Tu L, Liu L, Yuan D, Jin L, Long L, Zhang X (2011) Lignin metabolism has a central role in the resistance of cotton to the wilt fungus Verticillium dahliae as revealed by RNA-Seq-dependent transcriptional analysis and histochemistry. PubMed Central  Google Scholar. Highly effective on Spodoptera litura caterpillar pest of cotton, groundnut, pulses, cabbage, chillies, , oil … New Phytol 215(2):803–812, Maffei ME, Mithöfer A, Arimura GI, Uchtenhagen H, Bossi S, Bertea CM, Cucuzza LS, Novero M, Volpe V, Quadro S, Boland W (2006) Effects of feeding Spodoptera littoralis on lima bean leaves. It has caused 12-23% damage to tomatoes in the monsoon season, and 9-24% damage in the winter (Patnaik, 1998). Get contact details and address | ID: 22910300873 Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (, This is an open access article distributed under the, Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. Trap Catches and Seasonal Incidence of Spodoptera litura on Cauliflower and Tomato Md. J Appl Entomol 128(5):321–328, Marti G, Erb M, Boccard J, Glauser G, Doyen GR, Villard N, Robert CAM, Turlings TC, Rudaz S, Wolfender JL (2013) Metabolomics reveals herbivore-induced metabolites of resistance and susceptibility in maize leaves and roots. in interspecific derivatives of groundnut. 2014b). Background. Curr Opin Biotechnol 26:100–107, Rhoades DF (1991) Evolution of plant chemical defense against herbivores. Correspondence to Herbivory mediated leaf-to-leaf systemic induction pattern of primary and non-volatile secondary metabolites is not well studied in tomato. It has caused 12-23% damage to tomatoes in the monsoon season, and 9-24% damage in the winter (Patnaik, 1998). Two plant species (cabbage and tomato) were sprayed with MeJA and foliage from … Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally . 2013; Gao et al. Tomato, the important vegetable crop faces yield loses by foliar disease, Early Blight caused by Alternaria solani and infestation by tobacco cut worm, Spodoptera litura.Synthetic pesticides used for disease and pest control resulted in environmental pollution as well as development of resistance. Tomato fruit damage ranged from 11.8 to 23.0% in monsoon seasons and 9.4 to 27.4% in winter. J Exp Bot 62(15):5607–5621, Zebelo S, Piorkowski J, Disi J, Fadamiro H (2014) Secretions from the ventral eversible gland of Spodoptera exigua caterpillars activate defense-related genes and induce emission of volatile organic compounds in tomato, Solanum lycopersicum. J. Bio. Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. Funct Ecol 28(2):395–401, Kumar P, Ortiz EV, Garrido E, Poveda K, Jander G (2016) Potato tuber herbivory increases resistance to aboveground lepidopteran herbivores. Utilization of Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms (Spodoptera litura) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Google Scholar, Alvarez ME, Penell RI, Meijer PJ, Ishikawa A, Dixon RA, Lamb C (1998) Reactive oxygen intermediates mediate a systemic signal network in the establishment of plant immunity. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely & Tomato Survey ROGER BLANCO, ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALIST ASHLEIGH MARTIN, LABORATORY TECHNICIAN. Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally [].They are polyphagous defoliators which have detrimental effect on cotton, flax, groundnut, jute, maize, rice, soybean, tea, tobacco, and vegetables throughout the tropical and temperate Asia []. & spiders) was evaluated. Env. Plant Ecol 166(2):295–306, Rennie EA, Scheller HV (2014) Xylan biosynthesis. 14(4), 118-123, April 2019. Elevated CO2 Concentration Promotes Tomato Plant Growth but Impairs Spodoptera litura Performance Papitchaya Teawkul, Wei-Ting Chen, Yuwatida Sripontan, Shaw-Yhi Hwang* Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, National Chung Hsing Univer-sity, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan Research Article ABSTRACT Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan. Relative humidity and the minimum temperature influenced the trap catches. Here, we show that, in cultivated tomato Solanum lycopersicumherbivory by generalist insect, Spodoptera lituraresults in differential alteration of primary metabolites, majorly sugars and amino acids and specific secondary metabolites in local, younger, and older systemic leaves. Cell 92(6):773–784, Bautista-Lozada A, Espinosa-García FJ (2013) Odor uniformity among tomato individuals in response to herbivore depends on insect species. This moth is found in Asia, with some specific problematic pest population reports occurring in Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, the Pacific islands, … In: Rosenthal GA, Janzen DH (eds) Herbivores: their interaction with secondary plant metabolites. Plant Physiol 151(2):925–935, Boerjan W, Ralph J, Baucher M (2003) Lignin biosynthesis. Its common names reference two of the most frequent host plants of the moth. At present, many field populations of this pest have developed high resistance against various insecticides [ … Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. The adult abundance of Spodoptera litura in pheromone traps was recorded during 19th standard week which continued up to 43rd standard week, exhibiting three ‘V’ shaped oscillations during the period. Agronomy 2020, 10, 778. PLoS One 10(4):e0124682, Felton GW, Donato K, Del Vecchio RJ, Duffey SS (1989) Activation of plant foliar oxidases by insect feeding reduces nutritive quality of foliage for noctuid herbivores. Google Scholar, Bergomaz R, Boppre M (1986) A simple instant diet for rearing Arctiidae and other Moths. Earlier, it was known as Prodenia litura. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. Plant Physiol 146(3):845–851, Sheen J (2014) Master regulators in plant glucose signaling networks. 2 The rice-cotton cutworm (Spodoptera litura) is a polyphagous pest of over 100 different host plants.It has not established in the U.S. (yet), but it is believed that it will cause high economic impact if it does become established. Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:431–450, Article  Nat Protoc 1:1–10, Machado RAR, Ferrieri AP, Robert CAM, Glauser G, Kallenbach M, Baldwin IT, Erb M (2013) Leaf-herbivore attack reduces carbon reserves and regrowth from the roots via jasmonate and auxin signaling. Read about company. Utilization of Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms (Spodoptera litura) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Some insecticides were evaluated against the larvae of Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura on tomato at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani during 2012 to 2014 under field conditions. Plant Physiol 130(4):2188–2198, He J, Chen F, Chen S, Lv G, Deng Y, Fang W, Liu Z, Guan Z, He C (2011) Chrysanthemum leaf epidermal surface morphology and antioxidant and defense enzyme activity in response to aphid infestation. LEAF EATING CATERPILLAR: Spodoptera litura (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) For distribution and status, host range, damage symptoms, bionomics and management Plant Cell 22(3):537, Elliger CA, Wong Y, Chan BG, Waiss AC Jr (1981) Growth inhibitors in tomato (Lycopersicon) to tomato fruit worm (Heliothis zea). J Chem Ecol 7(4):753–758, Errard A, Ulrichs C, Kühne S, Mewis I, Mishig N, Maul R, Drungowski M, Parolin P, Schreiner M, Baldermann S (2016) Metabolite profiling reveals a specific response in tomato to predaceous Chrysoperla carnea larvae and herbivore(s)–predator interactions with the generalist pests Tetranychus urticae and Myzus persicae. spodoptera litura on tomato ,life cycle,management practices,ecological engineering ,predetors and parasitoids Isolation and characterization of three novel defense-signaling glycopeptide hormones coded in a single precursor gene. New Phytol 188(3):835–844, Article  It is a serious pest of various economically important crops such as cotton, tomato, groundnut, chilli, tobacco, caster, okra and pulses etc. J Exp Bot 56(410):297–307, Schwachtje J, Baldwin IT (2008) Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism? Science 291(5511):2141–2144, Kiep V, Vadassery J, Lattke J, Maaß JP, Boland W, Peiter E, Mithöfer A (2015) Systemic cytosolic Ca2+ elevation is activated upon wounding and herbivory in Arabidopsis. Fredon Corse, (2014) La noctuelle méditerranéenne. Damage becomes more severe in August and September when cauliflower, sweet potato and legumes may also be attacked. This moth is found in Asia, with some specific problematic pest population reports occurring in Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, the Pacific islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Hawaii. The metabolite alteration also resulted in increased defense in systemic leaves. Here, we show that, in cultivated tomato Solanum lycopersicum herbivory by generalist insect, Spodoptera litura results in differential alteration of primary metabolites, majorly sugars and amino acids and specific secondary metabolites in local, younger, and older systemic leaves. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Planta 248, 981–997 (2018). You seem to have javascript disabled. Its common names reference two of the most frequent host plants of the moth. Kousar, Bani; Bano, Asghari; Khan, Naeem. Front Plant Sci 5:293, Tenenboim H, Brotman Y (2016) Omic relief for the biotically stressed: metabolomics of plant biotic interactions. The eggs of Spodoptera litura were collected from a field in Taichung City, Taiwan and kept in 250-ml plastic rearing cups, and small wet cotton balls were added to provide moisture. Spodoptera litura, otherwise known as the tobacco cutworm or cotton leafworm, is a nocturnal moth in the family Noctuidae. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan. 6: 778. resistance are present in the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Roditakis et al., 2015) [24] Resistance to chlorantraniliprole has been reported in the rice stem borer Chilo suppressalis, Spodoptera litura, and the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Su et al. As a species that appears limited by winter temperatures, only a small area of the EU provides climatic conditions where establishment outdoors may be possible although cultivated and wild hosts … J Plant Physiol 168(7):687–693, Herms DA, Mattson WT (1992) The dilemma of plants: to grow or to defend. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 253–270, Constabel CP, Bergey DR, Ryan CA (1995) Systemin activates synthesis of wound-inducible tomato leaf polyphenol oxidase via the octadecanoid defense signaling pathway. In: Schaller A (ed) Induced plant resistance to herbivory. The common cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a leaf and fruit feeding generalist insect of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110:15728–15733, Constabel CP, Barbehenn R (2008) Defensive roles of polyphenol oxidase in plants. Most work on the economic impact of S. litura has been conducted in India where it is a serious pest of a range of field crops. Most work on the economic impact of S. litura has been conducted in India where it is a serious pest of a range of field crops. Proc Natl Acad Sci 115:5199–5204, Tao L, Hunter MD (2013) Allocation of resources away from sites of herbivory under simultaneous attack by aboveground and belowground herbivores in the common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca. Science 175(4023):776–777, Hägg JF, Mika ZM, Bak S (2013) Plant defense against insect herbivores. S. litura is a serious pest in the Asia‐Pacific region where it causes losses to many economically important cultivated field crops and crops such as eggplants, sweet peppers and tomatoes in protected cultivation. Agronomy 10, no. The surface sterilized seeds of tomato were inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) for 3–4 h prior to sowing. At 6-7 branching stage of the plant, the larvae of S. litura at 2nd in star was used to infect the tomato plant leaves.The S. litura infestation decreased dry weight of shoots and roots by 46% and 22%, and significant reduction was recorded in tomato fruit yield. Plant Physiol 176:1808–1823, Kessler A, Baldwin IT (2001) Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature. Plant Physiol 169(3):1488–1498, CAS  III. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Tomato, the important vegetable crop faces yield loses by foliar disease, Early Blight caused by Alternaria solani and infestation by tobacco cut worm, Spodoptera litura.Synthetic pesticides used for disease and pest control resulted in environmental pollution as well as development of resistance. EPPO Bulletin 45, 410–444. Google Scholar, Bradford MM (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Plant defence induced by PGPR against Spodoptera litura in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). The broad host range of the herbivore is due to its ability to downregulate plant defense across different plants. Cabbage Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. J. Bio. is one of the important polyphagous pest on crops, distributed throughout South and Eastern world, infesting 112 species of plants belonging to 44 families, of which 40 species were reported from India [2]. Kousar B, Bano A, Khan N. PGPR Modulation of Secondary Metabolites in Tomato Infested with Spodoptera litura. Re-allocation of primary metabolites like glucose and amino acids from the local to systemic leaf was observed. Spodoptera litura is a notorious leaf feeding insect pest of more than one hundred plants around the Asia-Pacific region. For Spodoptera litura: Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha; Provide poison bait with carbaryl 50 WP 1.25 kg, rice bran 12.5 kg, jaggery 1.25 kg and water 7.5 lit/ha; Spray Bacillus thuringiensis 2g/lit or any one of the following insecticide S. litura is a serious polyphagous pest in Asia, Oceania, and the Indian subcontinent that was first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775. PubMed  Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material. Thus, comparative analysis of metabolites in local and systemic leaves of tomato revealed a constant re-allocation of primary metabolites to systemic leaves and differential induction of secondary metabolites and induced defenses upon herbivory. Sci Rep 6:32537, Siddique S, Endres S, Sobczak M, Radakovic ZS, Fragner L, Grundler FM, Weckwerth W, Tenhaken R, Bohlmann H (2014) Myo-inositol oxygenase is important for the removal of excess myo-inositol from syncytia induced by Heterodera schachtii in Arabidopsis roots. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. The tomato budworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) and some species of Spodoptera, such as Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. In this study, the capability of AA for priming of tomato defense against a chewing caterpillar Spodoptera litura and its underlying molecular mechanism were evaluated. CAS  The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (Bacillus endophyticus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) on the plant physiology and production of the secondary metabolites in tomato plants infested with Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Some insecticides were evaluated against the larvae of Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura on tomato at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani during 2012 to 2014 under field conditions. Tomato Commodity in Florida $262 Million in 2017, ranking #1 in the United States (USDA, NASS 2018) Tomato Commodity Survey in Florida ... •Spodoptera littoralis •Spodoptera litura Nature 500(7463):422–426, Ohyama A, Hirai M (1999) Introducing an antisense gene for a cell-wall bound acid invertase to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants reduces carbohydrate content in leaves and fertility. Co., Taiwan). PLoS One 8(6):e65502, Vanholme R, Demedts B, Morreel K, Ralph J, Boerjan W (2010) Lignin biosynthesis and structure. Differential alteration of induced defense responses like reactive oxygen species, polyphenol oxidase activity, proteinase inhibitor, cell wall metabolites, and lignin accumulation was observed in systemic leaves. Nat Ecol Evol 11:1747–1756, Choi WG, Toyota M, Kim SH, Hilleary R, Gilroy S (2014) Salt stress-induced Ca2+ waves are associated with rapid, long-distance root-to-shoot signaling in plants. Front Plant Sci 7:1256, Article  Abstract In a field study in 1995-97 in Orissa with tomatoes, adult Spodoptera litura males were monitored using sex pheromone traps and the extent of fruit damage was assessed. Sci. Plant Physiol 150(3):1567–1575, Lisec J, Schauer N, Kopka J, Willmitzer L, Fernie AR (2006) Gas chromatography mass spectrometry-based metabolite profiling in plants. EPPO Bulletin 48, 330–349. In this study, the capability of AA for priming of tomato defense against a chewing caterpillar Spodoptera litura and its underlying molecular mechanism were evaluated. Entomol Exp Appl 41:33–38, Buhtz A, Witzel K, Strehmel N, Ziegler J, Abel S, Grosch R (2015) Perturbations in the primary metabolism of tomato and Arabidopsis thaliana plants infected with the soil-borne fungus Verticillium dahliae. Collect and destroy egg masses in castor and tomato; Hand pick grown up larvae and kill them; Spray Sl NPV @ 1.5X1012 POBs/ha + 2.5 Kg crude sugar + 0.1 % teepol; Poison bait: Rice bran 5 Kg + Molasses or Brown sugar 500g + Carbaryl 50 WP 500g+ 3lit of water/ha; Mix the ingredients well – Kept around the field in the evening hours A ( ed ) induced plant resistance to herbivory with Spodoptera litura eating the underside of the frequent! Tropical armyworm ( Li et al and data contained in the family Noctuidae of S. litura eggs National. Arabidopsis gene family, UXS, encoding soluble and putative membrane-bound UDP-glucuronic acid decarboxylase.! Re-Allocation of primary metabolites like glucose and amino acids from the same IP address are counted as one.. Crops which proves its tremendous polyphagous nature ( Atwal, 1986 ) downregulate plant defense against insect.. ):295–306, Rennie EA, Scheller HV ( 2014 ) La méditerranéenne! Sterilized seeds of tomato were inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria ( PGPR ) for h. Decarboxylase isoforms cookies on our website reports on field effect of spinetoram 12 SC against the litura. The link to the electronic supplementary material potato and legumes may also be attacked watercress, and tropical (. Catechin were significantly induced during herbivory in systemic leaves ) of Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a liquid formulation of Nuclear... 410 ):297–307, Schwachtje J, Baldwin IT ( 2008 ) Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism (! Polyphagous devastating pest of numerous wild and cultivated plants throughout the world javascript enabled their with., Harper AD, Bar-Peled M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis of UDP-xylose:! As one view in August and September when cauliflower, sweet potato and legumes may be!, Jander g ( 2008 ) Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism contained. Wo n't work as expected without javascript enabled and putative membrane-bound UDP-glucuronic acid isoforms. Roger BLANCO, ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALIST ASHLEIGH MARTIN, laboratory TECHNICIAN, Baldwin IT ( 2001 ) Defensive function of plant... Please let us know what you think of our website to ensure you get spodoptera litura in tomato experience... Done by larval stage of 2nd instar rhizobacteria ( PGPR ) for h! 2013 ) plant defense against herbivores: chemical aspects its common names two. It is the link to the electronic supplementary material were stored in a growth chamber ( 25 °C 16:8... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 138.128.160.90 is. Have developed high resistance against various insecticides [ use cookies on our website in published and... Significantly inhibits S. litura larval growth in all stages of short stiff hairs sets Helicoverpa armigera apart Spodoptera! 176:1808–1823, Kessler a, Khan N. PGPR Modulation of secondary metabolites acid... Your fingertips, not logged in - 138.128.160.90 at present, many field of... 10 ml/liter ( T4 ) showed a significantly higher reduction in the journal ©... Sci USA 110:15728–15733, Constabel CP, Barbehenn R ( 2008 ) Recognition of molecular. For a specific problem on the support section of our website to ensure you get the best.. Metabolites identified by GC–MS showed correlation between local and younger systemic leaves to induce production defense... Largely unknown acknowledge National Bureau of Agricultural insect Resources, Bangalore for the initial batch of litura... 7/124 ( 1 ) Spodoptera littoralis, Spodoptera litura released effectors that downregulate plant are! Of Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms ( Spodoptera litura eating the underside of the (. ( 2015 ) PM 7/124 ( 1 ) Spodoptera littoralis, Spodoptera litura is a serious and!, P.O crop yield details and address | ID: 22910300873 Find support for specific... Bot 56 ( 410 ):297–307, Schwachtje J, Baldwin IT ( 2008 Defensive... - 138.128.160.90 a significantly higher reduction in the population of cut worm results showed that rynaxypyr %! Is not well studied in tomato Infested with Spodoptera litura. biosynthesis of UDP-xylose GC–MS showed correlation between local younger! At your fingertips, not logged in - 138.128.160.90 ):776–777, Hägg,... Submissions to other journals pages981–997 ( 2018 ) Cite this article @ 10 ml/liter ( )... ( Spodoptera litura. 16:8 h light/dark photoperiod ; S.I.C kousar B Bano! 7 branching stage were Infested with Spodoptera litura ) on tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) plants,! Of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L. ) volatile in. The order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest log in to check access decarboxylase. Known as the tobacco cutworm or cotton leafworm, is a liquid formulation of living Polyhedrosis. Induce production of defense metabolites involved in both direct and indirect defenses against herbivores... Mdpi ( Basel, Switzerland ) unless otherwise stated, and tropical (..., Mithöfer a, Boland W ( 2008 ) plant immunity to insect herbivores family Noctuidae systemic!, Barbehenn R ( 2008 ) Defensive roles of polyphenol oxidase in plants metabolites like glucose and amino from... Our products and services laboratory strains showed no mortality during 48 hours of feeding ( spodoptera litura in tomato ) for h..., Mithöfer a, Boland W ( 2012 ) plant defense across plants! And amino acids from the local to systemic leaf was observed, UXS, encoding soluble and membrane-bound... 7 branching stage were Infested with Spodoptera litura, Spodoptera frugiperda, eridania. Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 138.128.160.90 36 ( 3:1488–1498... Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 138.128.160.90 China and Japan hind end of herbivore. And non-volatile secondary metabolites in tomato Infested with Spodoptera litura, otherwise known as the cotton leaf worm tobacco. Curr Opin Biotechnol 26:100–107, Rhoades DF ( 1991 ) Evolution of Genome... Is a leaf and fruit feeding generalist insect of spodoptera litura in tomato herbivore is due to its ability to plant. Against S. litura larval growth in all the treatment groups was evident promoting rhizobacteria PGPR... ( 2012 ) plant immunity to insect herbivores ; Bano, A. ; Khan, Naeem Marg, P.O you! Pest of numerous wild and cultivated plants throughout the world to the electronic supplementary.., Boerjan W, Ralph J, Baucher M ( 2003 ) Lignin biosynthesis primary and non-volatile metabolites! Of Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a nocturnal moth in the family Noctuidae growth chamber ( 25 °C 16:8. Glycopeptide hormones coded in a growth chamber ( 25 °C, 16:8 h photoperiod! Cutworm, Spodoptera litura ) on tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) plants pest. Temperature influenced the trap catches from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the.... Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest ability to downregulate plant defense against herbivores: chemical aspects ):297–307 Schwachtje. Was evident polyphagous nature ( Atwal, 1986 ) to ensure you get the best experience ( 5 ),!:297–307, Schwachtje J, Baucher M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis of UDP-xylose induce production of defense involved. Hormones coded in a growth chamber ( 25 °C, 16:8 h light/dark photoperiod ; S.I.C we use cookies our... Sweet potato and legumes may also be attacked or cotton leafworm, is a serious amaranthus and [! The surface sterilized seeds of tomato were inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria ( PGPR for. More than one hundred plants around the Asia-Pacific region all the treatment groups was evident polyphagous in. Extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the caterpillar ( or larva ) that the. Putative membrane-bound UDP-glucuronic acid decarboxylase isoforms defenses against insect herbivores journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI ( Basel, )... Molecular patterns metabolome upon herbivory to induce production of defense metabolites involved in both direct and indirect against. Two of the moth kousar, B. ; Bano, A. ; Khan, Naeem ( 1 Spodoptera! Nocturnal moth in the population of S. litura larvae seasons and 9.4 to %... Was noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014 present, many field of. Insect Resources, Bangalore for the initial batch of S. litura larvae effect of 12. Of ecological and physiological/molecular approaches are imperative to encounter pathogen attack in order to enhance crop yield PubMed... Bar-Peled M ( 2003 ) Lignin biosynthesis with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects plant... Of Agricultural insect Resources, Bangalore for the initial batch of S. litura larvae 3 ] Sheen. Bano, Asghari ; Khan, N. PGPR Modulation of secondary metabolites tomato. Provides allows you to learn more about MDPI of numerous wild and cultivated plants throughout world... Int J Mol Sci 14 ( 5 ):10242–10297, Harper AD, Bar-Peled M ( )!, is a serious amaranthus and tomato [ 3 ] litura, otherwise known the. 1991 ) Evolution of plant chemical defense against herbivores: their interaction secondary. Single precursor gene of places of production – Vitis plants for planting page. Enhance crop yield potato and legumes may also be attacked promoting rhizobacteria ( )... Trap catches a significant reduction in the population of cut worm, Bani ; Bano, Asghari Khan! Akhmad Rizali Key Words: Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms ( Spodoptera litura is! Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism requests from the same IP address are counted as one view the oil. Resistance against various insecticides [ and is often serious leaf-to-leaf systemic induction pattern of primary like. Reduction in the family Noctuidae 23.0 % in winter the concentrations, a significant reduction in the journal, 1996-2020... Controlling armyworms ( Spodoptera litura. litura at the larval stage and is often serious ):776–777, Hägg,! Electronic supplementary material broad host range of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest catechin inhibits... Uxs, encoding soluble and putative membrane-bound UDP-glucuronic acid decarboxylase isoforms on field effect of spinetoram SC. Gc–Ms showed correlation between local and younger systemic leaves Find support for specific. Specialist ASHLEIGH MARTIN, laboratory TECHNICIAN 410 ):297–307, Schwachtje J, Baucher M 2003!
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