Endangered species Dugongs are threatened by sea grass habitat loss or degradation because of coastal development or industrial activities that cause water pollution. The Dugong is a giant gentle creature that swims along in the water at a very gentle pace and its main home in the Mission Beach region is around Hinchinbrook Island but Dugongs can be seen up and down the coastal areas of the Great Barrier Reef where there are no waves and the grasses are able to grow in shallower waters. The Great Barrier Reef is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 types of hard coral, one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals, including the vulnerable dugong. Australia's Great Barrier Reef is home to a tremendous array of endangered species, some found nowhere else in the world. Endangered Dugong in the Great Barrier Reef The dugong, sometimes referred to as the elephant of the sea, is one of the most endangered animals in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and the whole world. Abstract One of the World Heritage values of the Great Barrier Reef Region is that it contains major feeding grounds for large populations of the endangered species, Dugong dugon. Dugongs are more closely related to elephants than other marine mammals, such as whales and dolphins. Baby dugongs are also famously cute! Sea Turtles. When Dugong calves need to be nursed, they suck on their flippers, almost like a child sucking on their thumb. Several reef species, including dugongs and loggerhead and green sea turtles, have been listed under the U.S. Of the seven species of marine turtles in the world, six occur in Australian waters. The Great Barrier Reef is a breeding ground for the Humpback Whale. They eat both day and night, locating their food with the help of coarse, sensitive bristles on their upper lip. Endangered Species Act. The dugong, also known as the sea cow, are being threatened to near extinction. © James Morgan / WWF Dugongs are cousins of manatees and share a similar plump appearance, but have a dolphin fluke-like tail. They also often become victims of bycatch, the accidental entanglement in fishing nets. ENDANGERED SPECIES Dugong. The most known endangered species of the Great Barrier Reef, which are also internationally endangered are sea turtles, the blue whale, and the dugong, or sea cow. GREAT BARRIER REEF MARINE PARK AUTHORITY Technical Report GBRMPA - TR-1 MANAGEMENT OF DUGONG: AN ENDANGERED MARINE SPECIES OF TRADITIONAL SIGNIFICANCE Claudia L. Baldwin SUMMARY Because of its inherent value as a food item, the dugong has occupied a significant role in the life styles of north-east coast Queensland indigenous people. Bottlenose Dolphin . Severe weather along the Queensland coast in the summer of 2010-11 has affected the Great Barrier Reef’s endangered dugong population. Affectionately dubbed the "sea cow," these creatures normally eat seagrass, which grows abundantly at the Great Barrier Reef. These stresses can cause female Dugongs to produce fewer offspring, lowering the population growth further. They reach a … It contains the world’s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc. Washington, DC 20037. If there is not enough sea grass to eat then the dugong does not breed normally. The most known endangered species of the Great Barrier Reef, which are also internationally endangered are sea turtles, the blue whale, and the dugong, or sea cow. The dugong, sometimes referred to as the elephant of the sea, is one of the most endangered animals in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and the whole world. They swim at a gentle pace of 10km/hr, by using their tail in a whale-like manner and their front-flippers like dolphins. The Great Barrier Reef is a refuge for many species of conservation concern. They are also protected by the ... dugong are listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wilde Fauna and Flora (CITES), and on Appendix II of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS). Dugongs feed on the vast sea grass beds of the Great Barrier Reef area. Generally, the hawksbill sea turtle has a flattened body shape, a protective carapace, and flipper-like limbs, adapted for swimming in the open ocean. In addition, the dugong has high biodiversity value as the only species in the Family Dugongidiae and one of only four species in the Order Sircnia, all four species of which are listed as vulnerable to extinction by the World Conservation Union. Dugong and sea turtle poo sheds new light on the Great Barrier Reef’s seagrass meadows May 24, 2018 4.07pm EDT Samantha J Tol , Alana Grech , Paul York , Rob Coles , … The species are bouncing back in their range in Australia. They inhabit both freshwater and brackish water, where seagrass beds can be found. Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef have co-existed with dugongs for more than 60,000 years. Join us to make change. Because of its inherent value as a food item, the dugong has occupied a significant role in the life styles of north-east coast Queensland indigenous people. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres (1,400 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq mi). Dugong (Sea Cow) The Great Barrier Reef does not just attract species of marine life, but also attract people. : Technical report TR-1 Technical Report Series: Abstract: Because of its inherent value as a food item, the dugong has occupied a significant role in the life styles of north-east coast Queensland indigenous people. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Northern Pacific Seastar ( Asterias amurensis ) This seastar, native to East Asian countries Korea, Japan, and China, is one of the most dangerous invasive species. Total number of species: 130. These barriers include the complete restriction of indigenous hunting in the southern Great Barrier Reef region, reporting on dead dugongs, and hunting the dugong under the Native Title Act of 1993. The Dugong is an endangered species. The latest aerial survey of dugong distribution and abundance by researchers from James Cook University indicates a significant decline in the dugong population of the southern Great Barrier Reef. Human impacts The numbers of dugongs have been declining dramatically as a result of the loss and deterioration of seagrass meadows, where they get their food and shelter from, indigenous hunting … Dies ist das einzige Verbreitungsgebiet, in dem Dugongs noch häufig sind. The Park itself extends south from the tip of north Queensland, in north-eastern Australia, to just north of Bundaberg. One of the World Heritage values of the region is that it provides major breeding grounds for large populations of the endangered species Dugong dugon. Dugongs swim by moving their broad whale-like tail in an up and down motion, and by use of their two flippers. Dugongs only give birth every 3-7 years, and live for up to 70 years. Australia has the world's largest dugong population. The Great Barrier Reef is an important habitat for dugong. It's not known yet whether a breeding program in captivity may be possible. Renowned for its beautiful corals and water clarity, the reef was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Area in 1981. INDIGENOUS hunters are using the Great Barrier Reef as a “supermarket” for dugong and turtle meat in an uncurbed practice putting the species in danger, the Federal Government has been told. In Philippines people called the giant clam as taklobo. Dugongs have become an important tourist attraction. Australia has international responsibilities for the management of dugongs in the Great Barrier Reef Region. There are many endangered, or "at risk" species that inhabit the Great Barrier Reef. ABN 82 090 616 443. Of the seven species of marine turtles in the world, six occur in Australian waters. Marine turtles. Make a symbolic dugong adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. Areas of international significance for migratory and resident species of shorebirds are found on, or adjacent, to the Great Barrier Reef. Birds, seabirds and shorebirds: Islands and cays along the Great Barrier Reef support breeding populations of 22 seabird species. We work to protect marine animal species that are threatened, iconic or at risk. © 2020 Great Barrier Reef Foundation. The Dugong’s brain only makes up 0.1% of its bodyweight—300 grams of 400kg! Dugongs are large grey mammals which spend their entire lives in the sea. They come to the surface to breathe through nostrils No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. It’s estimated that there’s only 10,000 of these gentle giants left in the wild. Under the EPBC Act they are all listed as both threatened and migratory. The final decision should be made in 2015. As Dugongs diets consist almost entirely of seagrass, they are referred to as ‘sea cows’. On the left, the yellow symbols represent all active ports. Changes in water quality and coastal development can lead to habitat degradation, ruining vital seabeds. Large bays facing north on the Queensland coast provide significant habitats for dugong, with the southernmost of these being Hervey Bay and Moreton Bay. These large creatures are found in warm water around coastlines, both north and south of the equator. Fishing practices, such as commercial netting, can also lead to accidental drownings. For decades, the Great Barrier Reef has enjoyed World Heritage Status and been synonymous with diving, tourism and with Australia. The Dugong’s brain only weighs 300 grams of their 400kg! There are seven different types of sea turtle that are endangered across the world. The Great Barrier Reef is located just off the coast of one of Australia's largest states - Queensland. They feed in wide, shallow and protected bays. Though they do travel long distances, Dugongs are not a migratory species. Next month, Australia’s Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Water, Mark Butler will decide whether to allow the expansion of a new port within the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, home to the world’s largest living structure, which supports 6 species of marine turtle, 30 species of dolphins and whales, and is an important habitat for the endangered dugong. Endangered Dugong in the Great Barrier Reef. Several reef species, including dugongs and loggerhead and green sea turtles, have been listed under the U.S. The Great Barrier Reef in Danger. Humpback Whales. It makes its home among the coral reef. Your donation could help the rare and endangered Dugong remain a regular visitor to the Great Barrier Reef. Australia hosts the largest number of Dugongs, with the Reef providing an important feeding ground. Dwarf-minke Whale. They are also protected by other Commonwealth legislation such as the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 where they are a protected species. Donate. Since then, a number of initiatives on behalf of the government, interest groups and traditional owners have attempted to protect the species from extinction. Dugong. Species name has been superseded by a new species name. It is now illegal to poach turtle eggs. The Foundation provides its donors with official receipts for Australian tax purposes. The Great Barrier Reef is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 types of hard coral, one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals, including the vulnerable dugong. The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. [toc] Dugongs occur in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. ... Sea Cow Baby Boom Is Good News for Great Barrier Reef. Marine turtles and dugong are also identified as values of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park World Heritage Area, which provides them valuable habitat. 100,000 Dugongs live in northern Australia and the Torres Strait. On the east coast of Queensland, we estimate that each year commercial gillnetting entangles around 50 of these majestic animals, so it's a significant threat to declining populations. The least known about and the largest whale, the blue whale, is also endangered. These are air-breathing mammals that can hold their breath for about 6 minutes after which they must surface to take a fresh breath of air through their nostrils which are located on the top of their snouts. The different types of coral join together to form the reef. But here are three undoubtedly invasive species that have particularly threatened the balance of the Great Barrier Reef's natural ecosystem. The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle in the Great Barrier Reef. And unlike manatees, which use freshwater areas, the dugong is strictly a marine mammal. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Rare or threatened animals of Great Barrier Reef Coast Marine Park. If there is not enough sea grass to eat then the dugong does not breed normally. The giant clam life span also can reach the number of 100 years. Dugongs are vulnerable to anthropogenic impacts because they are long-lived slow breeding animals with a … Great Barrier Reef Foundation. Fully grown, they may be three metres long and weigh 400 kilograms. The Dugong There are a large amount of endangered species in The Great Barrier Reef, one of them being the dugong - scientific name: Dugong dugon - Dugongs inhabit shallow tropical waters throughout the indo-pacific region. Website by bigfish.tv. A characteristic dugong weighs about 400 kilograms and can grow up to three meters long (Stonehouse, 1992). These include the Green, Leatherback, Hawksbill, Loggerhead, Flatback and Olive Ridley turtles. Dugong’s produce on calf every 3 to 7 years. Marine turtles. Commonly known as "sea cows," dugongs graze peacefully on sea grasses in shallow coastal waters of the Indian and western Pacific Oceans. Dugongs of the Great Barrier Reef. While coral reef, mangrove and seagrass habitats occur elsewhere on the planet, no other World Heritage Area contains such biodiversity. Then, mostly you can find dugong in the Australia, and this is why The Great Barrier Reef is supporting the dugong habitat and become a protected area because this marine mammal is classified as endangered animal. The status of the dugong in the southern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park: Year of publication: 1996: Publisher: Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Townsville, Qld: Type of document: Report: Series/Report no. Rare or threatened animals of Great Barrier Reef Coast Marine Park. Download this information in .CSV format . They inhabit both freshwater and brackish water, where seagrass beds can be found. The number of baby dugongs in the Great Barrier Reef has increased The 2011 Queensland floods devastated the dugong’s primary food source causing an increase in deaths by starvation. Found mostly in Australia, Dugong are more closely related to elephants than to whales and dolphins. Dugongs swim by moving their broad whale-like tail in an up and down motion, and by use of their two flippers. Click on the images and they will take you to the page. Australia's Great Barrier Reef is home to a tremendous array of endangered species, some found nowhere else in the world. Young Dugongs stay with their mothers for the first few months of life. Renowned for its beautiful corals and water clarity, the reef was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Area in 1981. The six species of sea turtle that inhabit the Great Barrier Reef are endangered. The failure to recognize the indigenous knowledge can also be caused by advanced scientific knowledge of the conservation of the dugong, which fails to consider the opinions of indigenous people. Some endangered species that depend on the home of the Great Barrier Reef are the Dugong (Sea Cow) and the large Green Sea Turtle. Several reef species, including dugongs and loggerhead and green sea turtles, have been listed under the U.S. Dugongs are threatened by sea grass habitat loss or degradation because of coastal development or industrial activities that cause water pollution. Dugongs rarely communicate visually, due to their poor eyesight. But this vast reef, with its incredible wildlife and rare seagrass habitat, is now at risk — from the U.S. government. They listed as a marine and migratory species under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Growing up to 3 metres long and weighing over 400kg, Dugongs are fluke-tailed relatives of the manatee. Protecting the Great Barrier Reef Dugong Essay 3750 Words | 15 Pages. Marine turtles and dugong are also identified as values of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park World Heritage Area, which provides them valuable habitat. 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